Cruz, Vicente (?–1849)

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Cruz, Vicente (?–1849)

Vicente Cruz (d. 20 March 1849), one of the leading officers in José Rafael Carrera's 1837 revolt in Guatemala. Once in control of Guatemala, Carrera appointed Cruz Corregidor of the departments of Mita and of Guatemala. Cruz was Carrera's vice president in 1844–1848, and he exercised the office of president when Carrera stepped down briefly from 11 September to 31 October 1845 and again from 25 January to 4 February 1848. When Carrera resigned in August 1848, Cruz expected to succeed him. But because the legislature opposed Cruz, he resigned on 28 November 1848 and took up arms against the government. He accepted, however, the Convenio de Zacapa (2 February 1849) arranged by President Mariano Paredes and returned to the government's army. Little more than a month later, he died fighting rebels led by Agustín Pérez.

See alsoCarrera, José Rafael .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

For details on his career, see Ralph Lee Woodward, Jr., Rafael Carrera and the Emergence of the Republic of Guatemala, 1821–1871 (1993). On the death of Cruz, see Federico Hernández De León, El libro de las efemérides, vol. 5 (1963), pp. 455-459.

                                  Ralph Lee Woodward Jr.