Chacabuco, Battle of
Chacabuco, Battle of
Battle of Chacabuco (12 February 1817), a clash between the Spanish Royalists and the pro-independence Army of the Andes. Chacabuco was an important military encounter in Chile's struggle to win independence from Spain. The rebel force, raised in Mendoza by the Argentine general José de San Martín and Chilean patriot Bernardo O'Higgins, crossed the Andes at Uspallata and Los Patos, surprising and defeating the troops of Francisco Casimiro Marcó del Pont before he could mass his soldiers. Although some Spanish troops remained in Chile, requiring additional mopping up, the insurgent victory at Chacabuco constituted the first successful step in the struggle which culminated in Chile's independence.
See alsoO'Higgins, Bernardo .
Luis Galdames, A History of Chile (1941), pp. 195, 209.
Stephen Clissold, Bernardo O'Higgins and the Independence of Chile (1968), pp. 144-146, 148.
Archer, Christon I., ed. The Wars of Independence in Spanish America. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 2000.
Jocelyn-Holt Letelier, Alfredo. La independencia de Chile: Tradición, modernización y mito. Santiago: Planeta/Ariel, 1992.
Ibáñez Vergara, Jorge. O'Higgins, el Libertador. Santiago: Instituto O'Higginiano de Chile, 2001.
William F. Sater
"Chacabuco, Battle of." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chacabuco-battle
"Chacabuco, Battle of." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved November 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chacabuco-battle
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.