Chabrier, (Alexis-) Emmanuel
Chabrier, (Alexis-) Emmanuel
Chabrier, (Alexis-) Emmanuel, famous French composer; b. Ambert, Puy de Dôme, Jan. 18, 1841; d. Paris, Sept. 13, 1894. He studied law in Paris (1858–61), and also studied composition with Semet and Hignard, piano with Edouard Wolff, and violin with Hammer. He served in the government from 1861, at the same time cultivating his musical tastes; with Duparc, d’Indy, and others he formed a private group of music lovers, and was an enthusiastic admirer of Wagner. He began to compose in earnest, and produced two light operas: L’Étoile (Paris, Nov. 28, 1877) and Une Éducation manquee (Paris, May 1, 1879). In 1879 he went to Germany with Duparc to hear Wagner’s operas. Returning to Paris, he publ, some piano pieces; then traveled to Spain; the fruit of this journey was his most famous work, the rhapsody España (Paris, Nov. 4, 1883), which produced a sensation when performed by Lamoureux in 1884. Another work of Spanish inspiration was the Habanera for Piano (1885). In the meantime he served as chorus master for Lamoureux; this experience developed his knowledge of vocal writing; he wrote a brief cantata for mezzo-soprano and women’s chorus, La Sulamite (March 15, 1885), and his operas Gwendoline (Brussels, April 10, 1886), Le Roi malgré lui (Opéra-Comique, Paris, May 18, 1887), and Briséis (concert perf., Paris, Jan. 31, 1897; stage perf., Royal Opera, Berlin, Jan. 14, 1899). In his operas Chabrier attempted a grand style; his idiom oscillated between passionate Wagnerianism and a more conventional type of French stage music; although these operas enjoyed a succès d’estime, they never became popular, and Chabrier’s place in music history is secured exclusively by his España, and other piano pieces such as Bourrée fantasque (1891; orchestrated by Felix Motti). His Joyeuse Marche for Orch. (orig. entitled Marche française, 1888) is also popular. Other works are Ode à la musique for Voices and Orch. (1890), 10 pièces pittoresques for Piano (1880; four of them orchestrated and perf. as Suite pastorale), 3 valses romantiques for two Pianos (1883), and songs.
R. Martineau, E. C. (Paris, 1911); G. Servières, E. C.(Paris, 1912); J. Desaymard, C. d’après ses lettres (Paris, 1934); F. Poulenc, E. C. (Paris, 1961); R. Myers, E. C. and His Circle (London, 1969); F. Robert, E. C: L’Homme et son oeuvre (Paris, 1970); R. Delage, C. (Geneva, 1982).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Chabrier, (Alexis-) Emmanuel." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/chabrier-alexis-emmanuel-0
"Chabrier, (Alexis-) Emmanuel." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved January 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/chabrier-alexis-emmanuel-0
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.