The Free Company of Catalonian Volunteers was formed in Barcelona in 1767 as part of the Bourbon reorganization of the Spanish military in the Americas. The company participated in the Sonora expedition of 1767–1771, the establishment of California in 1769, the Colorado River Campaign of 1781–1782, the voyage of the expedición de los limites to the Pacific Northwest and Alaska during 1790–1793, as well as the royalist effort to quell the movement for Mexican independence. From 1767 to 1815, the Compañía Franca de Voluntarios de Cataluña assisted in Spain's last great push to secure the northwestern portion of its empire in the Western Hemisphere.
Joseph P. Sánchez, Spanish Bluecoats: The Catalonian Volunteers in Northwestern New Spain, 1767–1810 (1990).
Soler Vidal, Joseph, and Martín Olmedo. California: La aventura catalana del noroeste. Tlalpan, D.F.: Colegio de Jalisco, 2001.
Joseph P. SÁnchez
"Catalonian Volunteers." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/catalonian-volunteers
"Catalonian Volunteers." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/catalonian-volunteers
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.