Bustamante, Anastasio (1780–1853)

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Bustamante, Anastasio (1780–1853)

Anastasio Bustamante (b. 17 July 1780; d. 1853), Mexican military man and politician. Born in Jiquilpán, Michoacán, Bustamante studied medicine in Mexico City. During the struggle for independence, he joined the royal army, distinguishing himself in combat. Nevertheless, he supported Agustín de Iturbide (later emperor) in 1821. After the fall of the empire, he allied himself with the Escoceses (Scottish rite Masons), was elected vice president in 1829, and overthrew the government in January 1830. His administration (1830–1832) was noted for its conservatism, political repression, and the execution of President Vicente Guerrero. Subsequently ousted and exiled, Busta-mante returned to office as president in 1837–1839, 1840, and 1841, becoming one of the most important politicians of the early republic. He also served as senator and participated in various military campaigns, the last of which was the pacification of the Sierra Gorda insurrection in 1848.

See alsoEscoceses; Mexico: 1810–1910.


Carlos María De Bustamante, Continuación del cuadro histórico, 4 vols. (1953–1963).

Michael P. Costeloe, "The Triangular Revolt in Mexico and the Fall of Anastasio Bustamante," in Journal of Latin American Studies 20, pt. 2 (November 1988): 337-360.

Michael Costeloe, "A Pronunciamiento in Nineteenth-Century Mexico, '15 de julio de 1840,'" in Mexican Studies/Estudios Mexicanos 4, pt. 2 (Summer 1988): 245-264.

Jaime E. Rodríguez O., "The Origins of the 1832 Revolt," in his Patterns of Contention in Mexican History (1992).

Additional Bibliography

Archer, Christon I. The Birth of Modern Mexico, 1780–1824. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources Inc., 2003.

                                    Jaime E. RodrÍguez O.

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Bustamante, Anastasio (1780–1853)

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