Boves, José Tomás (1782–1814)
Boves, José Tomás (1782–1814)
José Tomás Boves (b. 18 September 1782; d. 5 December 1814), officer in the Spanish army. A native of Spain, Boves received his nautical education in Asturias, obtained his pilot's license in 1803, and joined a mercantile business with interests in Venezuela. He was accused of smuggling, imprisoned in Puerto Cabello, and later confined in the town of Calabozo. When the War of Independence broke out, Boves declared himself to be on the side of emancipation. But he then became suspect when he supported the royalist leader, Domingo Monteverde, and was imprisoned in 1812 at Calabozo. That same year he joined the royalist ranks under the command of Eusebio Antoñanzas, who released him from prison, and was appointed commander in chief of Calabozo.
Boves rapidly attained great popularity among the inhabitants of the plains for his favorable attitude toward sacking and looting. His detailed knowledge of the plains territory brought him numerous victories over republican troops. In testimonies of the time and in the collected writings on Venezuelan independence, Boves stands out for his fierceness and cruelty to those he defeated. He rebelled against his immediate superior and ignored the authority of the royal audiencia. After his death at the battle of Urica, the royalist cause lost popularity among the people of the plains.
See alsoVenezuela: The Colonial Era .
Juan Uslar Pietri, Historia de la Rebelión de 1814 (1954).
Acisclo Valdivieso Montaño, José Tomás Boves, caudillo hispano (1955).
Germán Carrera Damas, Boves: Aspectos socioeconómicos de la independencia, 3d ed. (1972).
Mondolfi, Edgardo. José Tomás Boves: (1782–1814). Caracas: Editora El Nacional, 2005.
Pérez Tenreiro, Tomás. Para acercarnos a don Francisco Tomás Morales, mariscal de campo, último capitán general en Tierra Firme, y a José Tomás Boves, coronel, primera lanza del rey. Caracas: Academia Nacional de la Historia, 1994.
Semprún, José. La división infernal: Boves, vencedor de Bolívar. Madrid: Ediciones Falcata Ibérica 2002.
"Boves, José Tomás (1782–1814)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 23, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/boves-jose-tomas-1782-1814
"Boves, José Tomás (1782–1814)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 23, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/boves-jose-tomas-1782-1814
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.