Boal, Augusto (1931–)
Boal, Augusto (1931–)
This theatrical director, writer, and politician has been a major public intellectual in Brazil since the 1960s. Boal led the development of the politically and socially engaged Teatro de Arena (Arena Theater) with others such as the late Gianfrancesco Guarnieri and Oduvaldo Viana Filho in São Paulo. Here he presented several plays, such as Revolucão na América do Sul (Revolution in South America) based in his notions of the teatro do oprimido (theater of the oppressed), influenced by Paulo Freire's "pedagogy of the oppressed." Arrested by the dictatorship in 1971, Boal suffered torture and sought exile first in Argentina and then in Paris, where for twelve years he created Centers for the Theater of Oppressed. With his innovative ideas of active audience participation, Boal developed the Forum Theater device, which allowed spectators to change the script, to liberate the play from oppressive conditions or relations. He created the Invisible Theater, where plays are presented in settings other than a theater (such as a restaurant); the Image Theater, which employs the body to create images; and other innovations that are internationally recognized. Among other prizes, Boal won the UNESCO Pablo Picasso Medal in 1994. The author has participated prominently in Brazilian politics for the last twenty years, on behalf of the Partido dos Trabalhadores (Labor Party).
See alsoTheater .
Boal, Augusto. Theatre of the Oppressed. New York: Theatre Communications Group, 1985.
Boal, Augusto. Teatro de Augusto Boal. Rio de Janeiro: Hucitec, 1992.
"Boal, Augusto (1931–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 22, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/boal-augusto-1931
"Boal, Augusto (1931–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved March 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/boal-augusto-1931
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.