a 1978 attempt by six arab countries to end the lebanese civil war of 1975–1990.
The Beitaddin Declaration was issued following a meeting (15–17 October 1978) in Lebanon, attended by the foreign ministers of the six Arab countries contributing troops to the Arab Deterrent Force (Syria, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Sudan). The meeting took place during the Lebanese civil war, amid heightened tension. A national reconciliation document adopted by the Lebanese parliament (April 1978) had never been implemented. Further, Christian militias of the Lebanese forces and Syrian troops were involved in heavy clashes in east Beirut. In March 1978, Israel had invaded southern Lebanon. The resolutions adopted at Beitaddin (also Bayt alDin, a famous residence of Lebanese amirs) included a recognition of Lebanon's independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity; a call for the dissolution of all armed presences in the country; and the full implementation of the agreements adopted by Arab heads of state in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and Cairo, Egypt (1976), which involved the establishment of a phased program for the rebuilding of the Lebanese army and the creation of a follow-up committee with delegates from Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Kuwait.
see also lebanese civil war (1975–1990); lebanese forces.
George E. Irani
"Beitaddin Declaration." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 23, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/beitaddin-declaration
"Beitaddin Declaration." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Retrieved October 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/beitaddin-declaration
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.