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Arish, Convention of al- (1800)

ARISH, CONVENTION OF AL- (1800)

agreement between france and the ottoman empire, providing for the french retreat from egypt.

Napoléon Bonaparte and his troops had invaded Egypt in 1798. Besieged by British and Ottoman forces, his successor, General Jean-Baptiste Kléber, negotiated the terms of French withdrawal. The Convention of al-Arish, signed by Kléber and the Ottoman grand vizier Yusuf on 24 January 1800, allowed for a dignified retreat of France from Egypt.

The convention was rejected by both Napoléon and Britain and, within a year, the French were completely defeated and evicted from Egypt.

see also klÉber, jean-baptiste.


Bibliography

Hurewitz, J. C., ed. The Middle East and North Africa in World Politics: A Documentary Record, 2d edition. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1975.

Vatikiotis, P. J. The History of Egypt. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.

Zachary Karabell

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