Casablanca Conference

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CASABLANCA CONFERENCE. From 14 to 24 January 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill, together with their military staffs, met in Casablanca, French Morocco. The conferees agreed to pursue military operations in Sicily, to continue the heavy bombing offensive against Germany, and to establish a combined staff in London to plan a large invasion of France across the English Channel. They secured the promise of Charles de Gaulle, leader of the Free French, to cooperate with General Henri Giraud, whom Roosevelt was grooming as leader of the French forces in Africa. The leaders endorsed an unconditional surrender policy, which they defined as "the total elimination of German and Japanese war power."


Kimball, Warren F. "Casablanca: The End of Imperial Romance." In The Juggler: Franklin Roosevelt as Wartime Statesman. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1991.

———. Forged in War: Roosevelt, Churchill, and the Second World War. New York: William Morrow, 1997.

Justus D.Doenecke

See alsoWorld War II .

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Casablanca conference. On 14–24 January 1943 Churchill and Roosevelt met in Morocco to determine allied strategy. Stalin refused to attend as he was overseeing operations around Stalingrad. The prospect of opening a second front in northern France was discussed but the British considered it premature and instead the invasion of Sicily was planned. It was agreed to increase the bombing of Germany and to give priority to defeating the U-boats in the North Atlantic. It was decided to accept only the unconditional surrender of the axis powers, which ruled out any prospect of a negotiated peace.

Richard A. Smith

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Casablanca Conference, Jan. 14–24, 1943, World War II meeting of U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill at Casablanca, French Morocco. A joint declaration pledged that the war would end only with the unconditional surrender of the Axis states. No agreement was reached on the claims for leadership of the rival French generals, Henri H. Giraud and Charles de Gaulle, who also attended the conference.