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Casa Da Torre

Casa Da Torre

Casa Da Torre, a dynasty of northeastern Brazilian cattle barons founded in 1549 by Garcia d'Avila, a protégé of Governor Tomé de Sousa. The name "Casa da Torre" came from the family seat at Tatuapara, Bahia, a fortified tower citadel. Garcia d'Avila and his grandson, Colonel Francisco Dias d'Avila, expanded into the backlands of Pernambuco, Piauí, and Sergipe, winning a series of land grants from the crown in the seventeenth century for their efforts in organizing mining expeditions, defending Bahia against the Dutch, and "pacifying" (massacring) Amerindians. By 1700 the Casa possessed nearly the entire interior of Pernambuco. In 1711 João Antônio Andreoni recorded that it controlled 260 leagues (league = 6,600 meters) along the Rio São Francisco and another 70 leagues between the São Francisco and the Parnaíba.

See alsoIndigenous Peoples; Livestock.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

João Capistrano De Abrue, Capítulos de história colonial, 1500–1800, 4th ed. (1954), p. 215.

Pedro Calmon, História da Casa da Tôrre, uma dinastia de pioneiros, 2d ed. (1958); Nôvo dicionário de história do Brasil (1971).

John Hemming, Red Gold: The Conquest of the Brazilian Indians, 1500–1760 (1978), pp. 346-354.

Additional Bibliography

Baldessarini, Sonia Ricon. A arquitectura da Casa da Torre Garcia D'Avila: Introdução a Teoria 'Arche" e sua manifestação em estruturas monumentais. Salvador, Brazil: Secretaria da Cultura e Turismo, Fundação Cultural do Estado: Empresa Gráfica da Bahia, 2001.

Bandeira, Moniz. O feudo: A Casa da Torre de Garcia d'Avila: Da conquista dos sertões á independencia do Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Civilizaçao Brasileira, 2000.

Holanda, Gastao de, and Adenor Gondim. A Casa de Torre de Garcia d'Avila. Rio de Janeiro: Arte & Cultura, 2002.

                                    Judy Bieber Freitas

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