Treaty of Verdun

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Treaty of Verdun, the partition of Charlemagne's empire among three sons of Louis I, emperor of the West. It was concluded in 843 at Verdun on the Meuse or, possibly, Verdun-sur-le-Doubs, Soâne-et-Loire dept., E France. Louis the German received the eastern portion (later Germany); Charles II (Charles the Bald) became king of the western portion (later France); Lothair I received the central portion (Low Countries, Lorraine, Alsace, Burgundy, Provence, and most of Italy) and also kept the imperial title. The Treaty of Verdun represented the beginning of dissolution of Charlemagne's empire into political units that foreshadowed the nations of Western Europe. It was superseded in 870 by the Treaty of Mersen.

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Verdun, Treaty of (843) Agreement dividing the empire of Charlemagne among the three sons of Louis I (the Pious). Charles II (the Bald) received w France, Louis the German received Germany e of the Rhine, and Lothair I the central region from the Low Countries to Italy, as well as the imperial title.