Skip to main content


Votadini. Indigenous British tribe of the Iron Age and Roman periods whose territory covered the eastern part of Lowland Scotland. The ancient geographer Ptolemy, writing in the mid-2nd cent. ad and using sources probably dating to the time of Agricola's expeditions 70 years earlier, names four tribes inhabiting the area south of the Forth–Clyde isthmus: the Novantae, the Damnonii, the Selgovae, and the Votadini. Many hill-forts are known within the territory of the Votadini, notably the important tribal centre of Traprain Law; the site has yielded a number of significant Roman finds including a hoard of late Roman silver.

Eleanor Scott

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Votadini." The Oxford Companion to British History. . 24 Mar. 2018 <>.

"Votadini." The Oxford Companion to British History. . (March 24, 2018).

"Votadini." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved March 24, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.