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Selgovae. A British tribe in southern Scotland. This tribe, whose name is thought to mean ‘hunters’, is referred to by the Greek geographer Ptolemy. His information places them in the southern uplands of Scotland centred in the upper Tweed basin, sandwiched between the Votadini to the east and the Novantes to the west. Their principal settlement was on Eildon Hill, where an initial fortified enclosure of only 3 acres was enlarged in the years before the Roman invasion to a hill-fort of some 40 acres. Inside, the remains of over 300 huts can still be traced, so that the population of the Selgovaean capital must have run into four figures. It was abandoned at the time of the Roman conquest c. ad 79, briefly described in Agricola's biography written by his son-in-law Tacitus. The native hilltop stronghold was replaced by a Roman fort, Trimontium (Newstead), at the foot of the hill.

Keith Branigan

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