New Orleans, Siege of
On 8 April, Farragut assembled his fleet of 24 wooden vessels, mounting about 200 cannon, and 19 mortar schooners. Blocking Farragut's path were 500 Confederates and 80 cannon in Forts Jackson and St. Philip; a chain barricade across the river; and naval vessels. This fleet consisted of three ironclads (the ram Manassas, the underpowered Louisiana, and the unfinished Mississippi), twelve armed wooden vessels, seven tugs, and some fire rafts.
On 18 April, Union mortars began bombarding the forts. Disregarding orders to wait until the forts were silenced, Farragut got under way at 2:00 A.M. on the 24th. Twenty‐one vessels cleared the gauntlet. In a wild melee, they destroyed the Confederate fleet, losing only 1 vessel and 171 sailors killed or wounded. Confederates ashore suffered fewer than 50 casualties.
After detaching two vessels to support Butler's movement ashore, Farragut proceeded upriver and captured New Orleans on the 25th. Confederate Maj. Gen. Mansfield Lovell evacuated the city to prevent its destruction and civilian authorities formally surrendered the city on the 28th. A mutiny in the forts forced Brig. Gen. Johnson K. Duncan to surrender them the same day. On 1 May, Butler's troops occupied New Orleans.
Farragut's victory gave the Union control of the lower Mississippi. A court of inquiry cleared Lovell; it blamed the disaster on the Davis administration for reducing the garrison and failing to unite all naval forces under Lovell.
[See also Civil War: Military and Diplomatic Course; Confederate Army; Confederate Navy; Union Navy.]
Charles L. Dufour , The Night the War Was Lost, 1960.
Arthur W. Bergeron, Jr. , Mansfield Lovell, in Roman J. Heleniak and Lawrence L. Hewitt, eds., The 1989 Deep Delta Civil War Symposium: Leadership During the Civil War, 1991.
Lawrence L. Hewitt
"New Orleans, Siege of." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/new-orleans-siege
"New Orleans, Siege of." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved July 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/new-orleans-siege
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.