Montagu–Chelmsford Report. The First World War both increased Britain's need for Indian men and matériel and presented the Indian national movement with an opportunity to demand constitutional reform. Edwin Montagu, the secretary of state, was sent to India in 1917 and, together with Viceroy Lord Helmsford, prepared the report which was to lead the country towards ‘responsible self-government’. It was enacted by Parliament in 1919. However, the reforms, which were extremely cautious, proved a grave disappointment to Indian national opinion. Gandhi moved to leadership of the Congress by proposing a boycott of the first elections and ‘non-cooperation’ with the new constitution.
David Anthony Washbrook
More From encyclopedia.com
Dadabhai Naoroji , Dadabhai Naoroji (1825-1917) was an Indian political leader and one of the founders of the Indian National Congress. A leading nationalist author and… Kashmir , Kashmir KASHMIR Since the partition of India in 1947, the state of Jammu and Kashmir has remained a bone of contention between India and Pakistan, pr… Indian rhinoceros , Rhinoceros unicornis (Indian rhinoceros) See RHINOCEROTIDAE. Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) See RHINOCEROTIDAE. Indian Education , Education, Indian EDUCATION, INDIAN. For generations, Native Americans educated their children through ceremony, story telling, and observation, teac… Surendranath Sir Banerjea , Surendranath Banerjee (1848-1925) was a major figure in early Indian nationalism. A believer in moderate means, he was deeply committed to achieving… Subhas Chandra Bose , Subhas Chandra Bose (1897-1945) was one of India's great nationalist leaders of the first half of the 20th century. He led the revolutionary Indian N…
About this article
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article
You Might Also Like