MAITLAND, JOHN. (??–1779). British army officer. Eighth son of the earl of Lauderdale, he had been a lieutenant colonel of marines and member of Parliament for Haddington before appointment as lieutenant colonel of the First Battalion of a Highland regiment, the Seventy-first Foot, on 14 October 1778. He was with Archibald Campbell at the fall of Savannah on 29 December. In command of Prevost's rearguard when he retreated from Charleston, Maitland won the action at Stono Ferry (20 June 1779) before withdrawing to Port Royal Island (Beaufort). Although already ill with malaria, he then made an epic eighty-mile withdrawal by swamps and waterways, evading French blockaders and American troops to join Prevost at Savannah. He died a few days after the repulse of the Franco-American assault on 9 October 1779.
Mackesy, Piers. The War for America, 1775–1783. London: Longman, 1964.
revised by John Oliphant
"Maitland, John." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 24, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/maitland-john
"Maitland, John." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved September 24, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/maitland-john
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.