Skip to main content

Ludlow, George

Ludlow, George

LUDLOW, GEORGE. (1734–1808). Loyalist. Born on Long Island, New York, in 1734 to a wealthy merchant family, Ludlow was a respected attorney when he was appointed to the New York council in 1768; the following year he became a member of the supreme court. Though not politically active, he joined his brother Gabriel in attempting to organize Long Island's Loyalists at the start of the Revolution, spending a year in hiding until the British landed in August 1776. After General William Howe's victory over Washington, Ludlow returned to the reconstituted provincial supreme court, which met in British-occupied New York City. When William Smith was appointed chief justice in 1778, Ludlow felt personally slighted and resigned from the court. In 1779 the New York state assembly declared Ludlow a traitor and confiscated his estate. In 1780 James Robertson, the royal governor, appointed him to the lucrative positions of master of the rolls and superintendent of the Long Island police. Ludlow made the most of his offices, charging high fees and dispensing rough justice. As a consequence, he alienated much of the Long Island population and cost the British a great deal of support. Other Loyalists charged Ludlow and Robertson with engaging in smuggling, though the validity of these charges remains uncertain. It is evident that Ludlow made a great deal of money in the three years he was known as "the tyrant of Long Island."

Ludlow left with the British in 1783 and spent the next year in London seeking recompense for the £7,000 he claimed to have lost in the Revolution (he received £2,500) and joining his brother in lobbying for the creation of New Brunswick as a Loyalist province. In 1784 Ludlow was appointed to the New Brunswick council and chief justice of the supreme court, holding those offices until his death in Fredericton, New Brunswick, on 13 November 1808.

SEE ALSO Ludlow, Gabriel.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Jones, Thomas. History of New York during the Revolutionary War. Edited by Edward F. De Lancey. 2 vols. New York: New York Times, 1968.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Ludlow, George." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Ludlow, George." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 24, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ludlow-george

"Ludlow, George." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved September 24, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/ludlow-george

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.