Skip to main content

Lejeune, John A.

Lejeune, John A. (1867–1942).Major general, commandant of the Marine Corps (1920–29), reformer, and champion of amphibious warfare. An 1890 Annapolis graduate who spent twenty‐seven years in shipboard service and expeditionary duty in the Caribbean, Lejeune, a tough‐minded Louisianan with sharp political skills, emerged from divisional command in Europe in World War I with a reputation second only to George Barnett and Smedley Butler as a Marine Corps leader. Replacing Barnett as commandant amid controversy about the Corps' future functions, Lejeune stressed a single reason for Corps' existence: wartime seizure and defense of advanced naval bases in a Pacific war against Japan. In July 1921, Lejeune endorsed a study of Pacific Ocean offensive amphibious operations by Maj. “ Pete” Ellis and announced that henceforth Marine Corps officer education, troop training, major exercises, and equipment development would focus on amphibious landings. He also stressed that Marine aviation belonged within the assault force. He sponsored expeditionary force exercises in 1924 and 1925, but the undermanned Corps lost its landing forces to interventions in China and Nicaragua until 1934. Nevertheless, Lejeune set the Corps on its most important and persistent mission. After retirement in 1929, he served as president of Virginia Military Institute until 1937.
[See also Marine Corps, U.S.: 1914–45; Marine Corps Combat Branches: Ground Forces; Marine Corps Combat Branches: Aviation Forces.]

Bibliography

John A. Lejeune , The Reminiscences of a Marine, 1930.
Merrill L. Bartlett , Lejeune: A Marine's Life, 1991.

Allan R. Millett

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Lejeune, John A.." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Lejeune, John A.." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lejeune-john

"Lejeune, John A.." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved August 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lejeune-john

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.