Franks, David Salisbury
Franks, David Salisbury
FRANKS, DAVID SALISBURY. (1742–1793). Major and aide-de-camp to Benedict Arnold. Canada and Pennsylvania. Born in Philadelphia on 27 March 1742, David Salisbury Franks was the son of a Jewish merchant who moved to Quebec after the end of the Seven Years' War, settling in Montreal in 1774. At the start of the Revolution, he had risen to the position of president of the Montreal Shearith Israel Congregation. He denounced King George III over the Quebec Act, which failed to recognize the civic rights of Jews. For expressing these views, Franks was imprisoned in May 1775, although he was released after two weeks. When the Americans captured Montreal on 13 November 1775, Franks supported their cause with loans and denounced his father as a Loyalist. The following year, General David Wooster made Franks the paymaster of the American garrison. When the Americans retreated from Montreal, Franks went with them.
Franks joined the Continental army in Albany, seeing action at Saratoga. Because he could speak French, he was made liaison to Admiral Valerie d'Estaing in 1778. In July he was promoted to major and became a member of Benedict Arnold's staff in Philadelphia. Franks testified on Arnold's behalf at his court-martial for corruption in May 1779, afterwards transferring to General Benjamin Lincoln's staff in Charleston. In July 1780 he returned to Arnold's staff at West Point. When Arnold defected in September, Franks was suspected of complicity and subjected to two courts of inquiry, both of which attested to his innocence. General George Washington issued a personal commendation after the second verdict in November 1780. In 1781 Franks resigned as a lieutenant colonel and devoted the next six years to serving the United States as a diplomat, making numerous trips to Europe. Congress sent him to Paris in 1784 with the ratification of the peace treaty, and the next year he acted for a short time as vice consul at Marseilles before returning to the United States. In 1786 Franks played an important role in drafting the Morocco trade agreement. In 1789 he failed in an attempt to be made consul general in France and returned to business, becoming assistant cashier of the Bank of North America in 1791. He died in the Philadelphia yellow fever epidemic on 7 October 1793.
SEE ALSO Arnold, Benedict.
Rezneck, Samuel. Unrecognized Patriots: The Jews in the American Revolution. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1975.
revised by Michael Bellesiles
"Franks, David Salisbury." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/franks-david-salisbury
"Franks, David Salisbury." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved November 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/franks-david-salisbury
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.