As peace approached, American leaders lost interest in the alliance. In 1782, Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay began peace negotiations with Britain, without consulting the French. After independence in 1783, many Americans increasingly viewed the French alliance as a dangerous foreign entanglement, particularly after the French Revolution led to a new Anglo‐French war in 1793. President George Washington declared America's neutrality despite the alliance and even allowed Jay to sign a favorable commercial treaty with Britain in 1794. French efforts to bring a more friendly American government to power led Washington to warn against “entangling Alliances” in his farewell address (1796)—words that became the cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy until the twentieth century. The alliance proved an embarrassment in the Undeclared Naval War with France (1798–1800) and was ended with the 1800 Convention of Morfontaine, when Napoleon Bonaparte's government signed it away in return for economic concessions. The United States would not sign another peacetime military alliance until the NATO pact of 1949.
Ronald Hoffman and Peter J. Albert, eds., Diplomacy and Revolution: The Franco‐American Alliance of 1778, 1981.
Lawrence S. Kaplan , Entangling Alliances with None: American Foreign Policy in the Age of Jefferson, 1987.
Jeffrey G. Giauque