Following the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty (1987), he developed on his own initiative military‐to‐military agreements and exchanges with his Soviet counterpart. In the Middle East, Crowe oversaw America's military responses to the hijacking of the cruise liner Achille Lauro by Palestinian terrorists (1985), hostilities with Libya (1986), the reflagging and escorting of Kuwaiti tankers in the Persian Gulf (1987), and the shootdown of an Iranian civilian airliner by the USS Vincennes (1988). After retirement, Crowe encouraged a cautious approach in dealing with Iraq's invasion of Kuwait (1990) and endorsed Bill Clinton for president (1992). He was named ambassador to the United Kingdom in 1994 and retired from that position in 1997.
William J. Crowe, Jr., with and David Chanoff , The Line of Fire: From Washington to the Gulf, the Politics and Battles of the New Military, 1993.
Richard S. Rauschkolb
"Crowe, William." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/crowe-william
"Crowe, William." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved December 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/crowe-william
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