Skip to main content

Crowland, Abbey of


Former Benedictine monastery, known also as Croyland, dedicated to St. Mary, St. bartholomew, and St. guthlac in the county and Diocese of lincoln, England. Tradition claims it was founded by Ethelbald of Mercia (c. 716) in the fens near St. Guthlac's hermitage, piles having to be driven to provide a firm site. In 870 the abbey was destroyed by the Danes and was not restored until c. 970, when a rich clerk, Turketyl, became abbot and provided ample endowment. Following a disastrous fire, Abbot Godfrey rebuilt the church c. 1110. Building continued during the 13th century, and a fine tower in perpendicular Gothic (see church architecture) was added c. 1460. The successful farming of the rich fenlands led to frequent attempts at encroachment by neighbors and to lawsuits to protect the abbey's interests. These disputes fostered a strong community spirit among the 40 monks, a solidarity that was reflected in the high standard reported at visitations. Among artistic productions the Guthlac Roll reached the high-water mark of English outline drawing. Literature flourished during the 13th century, when William of Ramsey wrote metrical lives of SS. Guthlac, neot, and Waldef, whose shrine was in the abbey. The best-known work was the abbey chronicle compiled c. 1360, though ascribed to Ingulf (appointed abbot in 1085). It was continued during the 15th century. John Bridges, an unpopular and arbitrary abbot, surrendered the house in December 1539 [see ref ormation, protestant (in the british isles)]. The monks were pensioned.

Bibliography: w. fulman, ed. Ingulfi Croylandensis historia and Historiae Croylandensis continuatio in Rerum Anglicarum scriptores veteres, 3 v. (Oxford 168491) v.1. The Victoria History of the County of Lincoln, ed. w. page (London 1906) v.2. d. knowles, The Monastic Order in England (2d ed. Cambridge; Eng. 1962). d. knowles and r. n. hadcock, Medieval Religious Houses: England and Wales (New York 1953).

[f. r. johnston]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Crowland, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 17 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Crowland, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (February 17, 2019).

"Crowland, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved February 17, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.