BALDWIN, JEDUTHAN. (1732–1788). Continental officer. Massachusetts. Born in Woburn, Massachusetts, on 13 January 1732, Jeduthan Baldwin commanded a company in the Seven Years' War and served in the Massachusetts. Provincial Congress from 1774 to 1775. He entered the Continental army on 16 March 1776 as an assistant engineer, holding the rank of captain. He was charged with constructing fortifications for the Boston Siege. His Revolutionary Journal, published in 1906, is a valuable source of details on that campaign. On 3 September 1776 he was promoted to colonel of the Engineers after having been active in constructing the defenses of New York City. The next year he worked with General Thaddeus Kosciuszko, under Brigadier General Arthur St. Clair's command, in the fortification of Ticonderoga, and in 1780 was associated with the same two men in constructing the works at West Point. In what presumably was a concurrent assignment, Baldwin raised several companies of quartermaster artificers. He died in Brookfield, Massachusetts, on 4 June 1788.
revised by Michael Bellesiles