Arnold, “Hap” (Henry Harley)
In 1938, Arnold became Chief of the Air Corps. Simultaneously, President Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurated U.S. rearmament, with emphasis on aircraft. In the next seven years, Arnold oversaw the creation of the world's most powerful air force—243 combat groups, 2.5 million men, and 63,000 aircraft at its height—which was his most significant contribution to the Allied victory in World War II. Although slowed by two heart attacks, he attended most of the meetings of the Combined Chiefs of Staff and Joint Chiefs of Staff, where he championed the interests of the U.S. Army Air Forces and demonstrated that air power required representation at the highest levels. He deferred the fight for an independent air arm until after the war, but his loyal wartime support of both Army Chief of Staff Gen. George C. Marshall and European Theater Commander Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower helped to ensure postwar army support for independence. In December 1944, he achieved five‐star rank and, with the creation of the U.S. Air Force in 1947, became the only General of the Air Force.
Arnold H. H. , Global Mission, 1949.
Richard G. Davis
"Arnold, “Hap” (Henry Harley)." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/arnold-hap-henry-harley
"Arnold, “Hap” (Henry Harley)." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved October 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/arnold-hap-henry-harley
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.