Arnold, “Hap” (Henry Harley)
In 1938, Arnold became Chief of the Air Corps. Simultaneously, President Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurated U.S. rearmament, with emphasis on aircraft. In the next seven years, Arnold oversaw the creation of the world's most powerful air force—243 combat groups, 2.5 million men, and 63,000 aircraft at its height—which was his most significant contribution to the Allied victory in World War II. Although slowed by two heart attacks, he attended most of the meetings of the Combined Chiefs of Staff and Joint Chiefs of Staff, where he championed the interests of the U.S. Army Air Forces and demonstrated that air power required representation at the highest levels. He deferred the fight for an independent air arm until after the war, but his loyal wartime support of both Army Chief of Staff Gen. George C. Marshall and European Theater Commander Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower helped to ensure postwar army support for independence. In December 1944, he achieved five‐star rank and, with the creation of the U.S. Air Force in 1947, became the only General of the Air Force.
Arnold H. H. , Global Mission, 1949.
Richard G. Davis
"Arnold, “Hap” (Henry Harley)." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 26, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/arnold-hap-henry-harley
"Arnold, “Hap” (Henry Harley)." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved March 26, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/arnold-hap-henry-harley
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