Skip to main content

Stockbridge Indian Settlement


STOCKBRIDGE INDIAN SETTLEMENT. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the Stockbridge-Munsee band of the Mahican Nation occupied a 46,000-acre reservation in northeastern Wisconsin. Seven hundred of the tribe's fourteen hundred members lived on the reservation, which boasted a health clinic, services for the elderly, a historical museum and library, a golf course, and a casino. The Stockbridge people, formed from an amalgamation of Mahicans, Wappingers, and Housatonics, began their journey to Wisconsin in western Massachusetts during the 1730s, when a small band of Mahicans joined a mission at the town of Stockbridge. Even though the Stockbridges fought for the Americans in the revolutionary war, successive waves of immigrants and land speculators took their territory from them. They moved further and further west, settling in New York, then Indiana, then several locations in Wisconsin, where some Munsee Delawares joined them. The Stockbridge-Munsee band, as this new combination was called, experienced a revival in the 1930s and 1940s, both because of Bureau of Indian Affairs reforms made under John Collier's leadership, and because of an intense sense of community history and identity.


Davids, Dorothy W. "Stockbridge-Munsee (Mohican)." In Encyclopedia of North American Indians: Native American History, Culture, and Life, from Paleo-Indians to the Present. Edited by Frederick E. Hoxie. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1996.

Frazier, Patrick. The Mohicans of Stockbridge. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1992. Treats the eighteenth-century experiences of the Stockbridge people.

Savagian, John C. "The Tribal Reorganization of the Stockbridge-Munsee: Essential Conditions in the Re-Creation of a Native American Community, 1930–1942." Wisconsin Magazine of History 77, no. 1(August 1993): 39–62.

Matthew HoltJennings

See alsoMahican .

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Stockbridge Indian Settlement." Dictionary of American History. . 26 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Stockbridge Indian Settlement." Dictionary of American History. . (April 26, 2019).

"Stockbridge Indian Settlement." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved April 26, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.