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Paxton Boys


PAXTON BOYS. In late 1763, a posse from Paxton, Pennsylvania, frustrated by an assembly influenced by Quakers and its subsequent failure to protect frontier settlements against Pontiac's War, killed twenty peaceful Conestoga Indians in Lancaster County. They also threatened a group of Indians converted to the Moravian Brethren, who took refuge in Philadelphia. A large band of angry Paxton Boys marched on the capital to demand protection and protest the Quaker assembly. President Benjamin Franklin stepped in to negotiate the crisis, convincing the mob to return home and assuring increased protection.


Dunbar, John Raine, ed. The Paxton Papers. The Hague: Nijhoff, 1957.

Merrell, James H. Into the American Woods: Negotiators on the Pennsylvania Frontier. New York: Norton, 2000.

Vaughan, Alden T. Roots of American Racism: Essays on the Colonial Experience. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Julian P.Boyd/h. s.

See alsoMoravian Brethren ; Pontiac's War ; Quakers .

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