'Parity' in Naval Defense
"PARITY" IN NAVAL DEFENSE
"PARITY" IN NAVAL DEFENSE. "Parity" was the philosophy behind the naval armament treaties adopted at the Washington Conference of 1921 and 1922. The United States agreed to reduce its capitalship and aircraft carrier tonnage until it equaled that of the British fleet and was five-thirds the size of Japan's navy. Restrictions on Asian naval bases gave Japan near parity with Britain and America for Pacific operations. Japan consented to withdraw from northern China and to sign the Nine-Power Treaty that guaranteed Chinese political and territorial integrity. In 1936 the United States, Great Britain, and Japan failed to renew the limitation treaties when American and British delegates refused Japanese demands for naval parity in the Far East.
Fanning, Richard W. Peace and Disarmament: Naval Rivalry and Arms Control, 1922–1933. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1995.
Dudley W.Knox/e. m.
"'Parity' in Naval Defense." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 16, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parity-naval-defense
"'Parity' in Naval Defense." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved July 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parity-naval-defense
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.