Skip to main content

Niblo's Garden


NIBLO'S GARDEN was a famous nineteenth-century coffeehouse and theater on lower Broadway Avenue in New York City. Operas, concerts, and plays were presented there for several decades beginning in 1824. The 1866 opening of Charles M. Barras's The Black Crook at Niblo's Garden is considered by some to have been the first performance of an American musical. The structure was destroyed by fire in 1846, but it was rebuilt, and the new theater opened in 1849. It burned again in 1872, was rebuilt, and was transformed into a concert hall. The building was finally demolished in 1895.


Stokes, Isaac N. P. The Iconography of Manhattan Island, 1498 1909. New York: Arno Press, 1967.

Alvin F. Harlow / d. b.

See also Music: Classical, Early American, Theater and Film ; Opera ; Theater .

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Niblo's Garden." Dictionary of American History. . 23 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Niblo's Garden." Dictionary of American History. . (February 23, 2019).

"Niblo's Garden." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved February 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.