Skip to main content

Monroe-Pinkney Treaty

MONROE-PINKNEY TREATY

MONROE-PINKNEY TREATY. On 31 December 1806, James Monroe (the American minister at London) and William Pinkney (a special envoy from President Thomas Jefferson) signed the Monroe-Pinkney Treaty in London. Jefferson had instructed Monroe and Pinkney to seek a British pledge not to interfere with American neutral shipping. This had been a long-standing source of Anglo-American dispute. Jefferson sought to redress John Jay's failure in 1794 to attain this outcome through the controversial Jay's Treaty. In return for British concessions on American neutral shipping, Jefferson promised to repeal the Non-Importation Act (1806) and other legislation that prohibited U.S. imports from England.

Monroe and Pinkney could not convince British leaders to accept this bargain. Instead, Lord Holland and Lord Auckland offered the Americans extended trading rights within the British Empire, including renewal of those granted by Jay's Treaty. Holland and Auckland also promised that the British would exercise "the greatest caution" when considering interference with American ships headed to France and other British enemies. Monroe and Pinkney accepted this arrangement as the best compromise they could attain from a position of weakness.

Unsatisfied with the treaty, Jefferson refused to send it to the Senate for ratification in 1807. He pursued a policy of commercial warfare against Great Britain. This policy contributed to the War of 1812.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Kaplan, Lawrence S. Thomas Jefferson: Westward the Course of Empire. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, 1999.

Perkins, Bradford. The Creation of a Republican Empire, 1776– 1865. Vol. 1: Cambridge History of American Foreign Relations, edited by Warren I. Cohen. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

JeremiSuri

See alsoNonimportation Agreements .

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Monroe-Pinkney Treaty." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Monroe-Pinkney Treaty." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 21, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/monroe-pinkney-treaty

"Monroe-Pinkney Treaty." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved November 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/monroe-pinkney-treaty

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.