Jumping-Off Places

views updated


JUMPING-OFF PLACES, the towns along the border of American frontier settlement where emigrants completed their outfitting for the journey across the Plains during the 1840s and 1850s. Independence, Mo., was the best known of these places. Among the others were Council Bluffs, Iowa; Saint Joseph, Mo.; and Fort Smith, Ark.


Faragher, John Mack. Women and Men on the Overland Trail. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1979.

Dan E.Clark/f. b.

See alsoMigration, Internal ; Oregon Trail ; Westward Migration .