INDIAN BRIGADE. The Indian Brigade consisted of three Union regiments composed largely of Cherokees, Creeks, and Seminoles. In 1862 Indians who were loyal to the Union fled to Kansas for safety and enlisted in two regiments. These Indians, together with some white troops, invaded the Indian Territory in the summer of 1862, where they were joined by a sufficient number of Indians formerly allied with the Confederacy to make up a third regiment. The brigade fought many minor engagements in northeastern Indian Territory.
Abel, Annie Heloise. The American Indian in the Civil War, 1862–1865. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1992.
Edward EverettDale/h. s.