Skip to main content

Harlem, Battle of


HARLEM, BATTLE OF (16 September 1776). After the Battle of Long Island, George Washington withdrew his demoralized troops to Manhattan Island and established a line from the mouth of the Harlem River across the island to Harlem (now Morningside) Heights. On the morning of 16 September 1776, about one thousand British appeared on the Harlem Plains. Washington ordered a company of Connecticut Rangers and three Virginia companies to strike at the enemy's rear. Although the leaders of both companies were killed, reinforcements sent down from the heights drove the British back. This small victory greatly heartened the American troops, and Washington held his position for another month.


Bliven, Bruce, Jr. Battle for Manhattan. New York: Holt, 1956.

Alvin F.Harlow/a. r.

See alsoHarlem ; White Plains, Battle of .

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Harlem, Battle of." Dictionary of American History. . 22 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Harlem, Battle of." Dictionary of American History. . (February 22, 2019).

"Harlem, Battle of." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved February 22, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.