Field v. Clark
FIELD V. CLARK,
FIELD V. CLARK, 143 U.S. 649 (1892), sustained the McKinley Tariff Act of 1890, in which the president was given power to take certain prescribed articles off the free list if he found that the countries exporting such products to the United States unreasonably discriminated against American agricultural products. The Supreme Court ruled that this was a delegation of discretion as to the facts, not the law, and was not, therefore, an unconstitutional delegation of power.
Kaplan, Edward S. Prelude to Trade Wars: American Tariff Policy, 1890–1922. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1994.