DRAPER'S MEADOWS, the first settlement west of the great Allegheny divide, on the present site of Blacks-burg, Virginia, was founded in 1748 in the New River section by John Draper, Thomas Ingles, and other Scottish and Irish immigrants from Pennsylvania. On 8 July 1755, the settlement was destroyed by a party of Shawnee Indians. Mrs. William Ingles was carried into captivity on the lower Ohio River but made her escape and returned more than 700 miles on foot.
Tillson, Albert H., Jr. "The Localist Roots of Backcountry Loyalism." The Journal of Southern History 54 (August 1988): 387–404.
James ElliottWalmsley/a. r.