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DOUGHFACES were northerners who, before the Civil War, supported southern policies relative to territorial expansion and slavery. The word was coined in 1819 by John Randolph of Virginia as a term of contempt for members of the House of Representatives from the North who voted against the amendment to prevent the further introduction of slavery into Missouri proposed by Rep. James Tallmadge of New York. Under the terms of the Missouri Compromise of 1820, Missouri entered the Union as a slave state, whereas Maine entered the Union as a free state.


Moore, Glover. The Missouri Controversy, 1819–1821. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1953.

Potter, David M. The Impending Crisis, 1848–1861. New York: Harper and Row, 1976.

C. H.Hamlin/a. r.

See alsoBarnburners ; Era of Good Feeling ; House Divided ; Hunkers .

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