DOUGHFACES were northerners who, before the Civil War, supported southern policies relative to territorial expansion and slavery. The word was coined in 1819 by John Randolph of Virginia as a term of contempt for members of the House of Representatives from the North who voted against the amendment to prevent the further introduction of slavery into Missouri proposed by Rep. James Tallmadge of New York. Under the terms of the Missouri Compromise of 1820, Missouri entered the Union as a slave state, whereas Maine entered the Union as a free state.
Moore, Glover. The Missouri Controversy, 1819–1821. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1953.
Potter, David M. The Impending Crisis, 1848–1861. New York: Harper and Row, 1976.
C. H.Hamlin/a. r.
"Doughfaces." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/doughfaces
"Doughfaces." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved August 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/doughfaces
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.