Army of Virginia

views updated


ARMY OF VIRGINIA constituted 26 June 1862, consisted of the corps of Union generals John C. Frémont, Nathaniel P. Banks, and Irvin McDowell, with General John Pope as commander. Union strategy called for Pope to drive General Robert E. Lee out of Richmond. The Confederate army marched northward to oppose Pope. Union General George B. McClellan's Army of the Potomac came to Pope's aid. Lee's troops defeated the combined Union armies in the second Bull Run campaign, fought 29 and 30 August 1862, and forced them to retreat into Washington. Pope lost his command, and the Union broke up the Army of Virginia and dispersed it.


Cozzens, Peter. General John Pope: A Life for the Nation. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000.

Schutz, Wallace J. Abandoned by Lincoln: A Military Biography of General John Pope. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1990.


Thomas RobsonHay

See alsoBull Run, Second Battle of ; Seven Days' Battles ; Virginia, Army of Northern .