Skip to main content

American Independent Party


AMERICAN INDEPENDENT PARTY, organized by George C. Wallace, governor of Alabama (1963–1967; 1971–1979; 1983–1987), in support of his 1968 presidential candidacy. Wallace and his running mate, General Curtis E. LeMay, opposed racial integration, supported states' rights, and called for a dramatically intensified American bombing campaign in North Vietnam. The party was popular in the South and among working-class whites in the industrial Midwest and Northeast. Wallace won 13.5 percent of the popular vote and forty-six electoral votes, carrying Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, and Mississippi. After Wallace decided to enter the 1972 Democratic presidential primaries rather than run again as an independent candidate, the party declined rapidly.


Carter, Dan T. The Politics of Rage: George Wallace, the Origins of the New Conservatism, and the Transformation of American Politics. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995.

Jacob E.Cooke/a. g.

See alsoStates' Rights ; Third Parties .

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"American Independent Party." Dictionary of American History. . 22 Feb. 2019 <>.

"American Independent Party." Dictionary of American History. . (February 22, 2019).

"American Independent Party." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved February 22, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.