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ABC Conference


ABC CONFERENCE. In May 1914 Argentina, Brazil, and Chile convened a conference in Niagara Falls to mediate a conflict between the United States and the Victoriano Huerta regime in Mexico. The conflict had arisen when President Woodrow Wilson ordered American forces to land in Veracruz. The battle that ensued dragged the United States directly into the Mexican Revolution and threatened war between the two nations. The conference failed because Venustiano Carranza, a rival of Huerta's, rejected its proposal for a provisional government. Huerta's resignation in July 1914, however, temporarily eased the crisis. In March 1916 the conflict erupted with renewed intensity when Pancho Villa launched a raid on Columbus, New Mexico.


Gilderhus, Mark T. Diplomacy and Revolution: U.S.–Mexican Relations under Wilson and Carranza. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1977.

Quirk, Robert E. An Affair of Honor: Woodrow Wilson and the Occupation of Veracruz. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1962.

Dana G.Munro/a. g.

See alsoVeracruz Incident .

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