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Sārnāth. North of the Ganges (Gaṅgā), near Vārāṇasī (Kāśi), the place where the Buddha delivered his first sermon. The exact spot in Sārnāth where this took place is known as the Deer Park (Iṣipataṇa) and the event is called ‘the turning of the Wheel of Dharma’ (dharmacakra-pravartana).

Sārnāth has continued to be an important pilgrimage site.

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Sarnath (särnät´), archaeological site, SE Uttar Pradesh, India, 4 mi (6.4 km) N of Varanasi (Benares). It is the site of the deer park (mrigadawa) where, according to tradition, Buddha first preached. Buddhist monuments include an inscribed pillar (3d cent. BC) of Emperor Asoka and a stupa (7th cent. AD), c.140 ft (42 m), high.