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Dura (ancient city, Syria)

Dura (dŏŏr´ə) or Europus (yŏŏrō´pəs), ancient city of Syria, E of Palmyra on a plateau above the Euphrates River. It is also called Dura-Europos or Dura-Europus. Founded (c.300 BC) by a general of Seleucus I, it prospered. In the 2d cent. AD the Parthians took Dura, and in AD 165 it was taken by Rome. It remained a Roman city until it was seized (c.AD 257) by Shapur I of Persia. Dura was then abandoned to the desert. Excavations since Dura was rediscovered by accident in 1920 have yielded rich finds, supplying much information on life, history, and art in Mesopotamia from Hellenistic through Roman times. The site was extensively looted, however, during the Syrian civil war. The name is also spelled Doura. The modern village of Salihiye is on the site.

See M. I. Rostovtzeff et al., Excavations at Dura-Europos (reports, 1929–59); M. I. Rostovtzeff, Dura-Europos and Its Art (1938).

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dura mater

dura mater outermost envelope of brain and spinal cord. XV. — medL., lit. ‘hard mother’, tr. Arab. al-'umm al-jalīda or al-jāfiya ‘the hard mother’; so called because it was thought to be the source of every other membrane in the body; cf. PIA MATER.
Hence dural XIX.

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dura

dura (dura mater, pachymeninx) (dewr-ă) n. the thickest and outermost of the three meninges surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
dural adj.

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Dura (in the Bible)

Dura, in the Bible, plain, near Babylon, where Nebuchadnezzar set up a golden image.

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