A fundamental role of public health agencies is the collection and analysis of data that facilitate the identification, control, and further prevention of the spread of infectious diseases. All states require the reporting of certain diseases to either the local or state health department. Physicians are required to report all notifiable diseases. In some states laboratories, hospitals, and others are also required to report. The method and timing of the report may range from a weekly card via mail to an immediate phone call. The data from the states are then forwarded to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There are a few disease conditions that are then reported to the World Health Organization.
State governments have realized the value of mandating the reporting of certain conditions other than infectious diseases. Incidents of gunshot wounds, child and domestic abuse, assaults, homicide, and some intentional and unintentional injuries require reporting to agencies such as the courts and child and adult protection, police, and health departments. Local agencies use this information for monitoring, investigation, and prevention. Additionally, there is sometimes a requirement to report these occurrences to those state and federal agencies that monitor the incidence and prevalence of various conditions and events, including specific conditions such as cancer and congenital defects.
Mandatory reporting at the local level of government is generally most effective when immediate response to an issue is necessary. State- and national-level reporting is important for tracking issues over time.
Benenson, A. S., ed. (1995). Control of Communicable Diseases Manual, 16th edition. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association.
"Reporting, Mandatory." Encyclopedia of Public Health. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 12, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/reporting-mandatory
"Reporting, Mandatory." Encyclopedia of Public Health. . Retrieved December 12, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/reporting-mandatory
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.