"Needlestick" is a slang term for a puncture wound made by a contaminated hypodermic needle, especially one that may convey HIV infection to health workers such as nurses or physicians. Although this is a rare mode of transmission of HIV or other serious infection, the risk is real: about three or four out of every thousand episodes of needlestick in Europe and North America have led to confirmed HIV infection. The risk is reduced by education, which must begin with junior staff when they are first in contact with patients, and with rigorous attention to sterile procedures, including universal precautions.
John M. Last
(see also: Communicable Disease Control; HIV/AIDS; Universal Precautions )
"Needlestick." Encyclopedia of Public Health. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 26, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/needlestick
"Needlestick." Encyclopedia of Public Health. . Retrieved March 26, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/needlestick
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.