Geography of Disease
GEOGRAPHY OF DISEASE
The descriptive study of disease distribution, or the geography of disease, was formerly popular among pathologists and is often called geographic pathology. This type of study has often revealed real differences in disease distribution among nations and in regions within nations. It is a simple way to draw attention to the disease risks associated with particular environments, but is seriously flawed if it fails to take into account the other factors (social, genetic) that can influence disease distribution. The geographic study of disease, patterns of mortality, health care, and other health-related issues is useful when it reveals unusual distributions that can be further investigated and confirmed or refuted by appropriate epidemiologic and other studies.
John M. Last
(see also: Descriptive Study; Environmental Determinants of Health; Epidemiology )
"Geography of Disease." Encyclopedia of Public Health. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 21, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/geography-disease
"Geography of Disease." Encyclopedia of Public Health. . Retrieved March 21, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/geography-disease
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.