Blood lead is a biomarker used for monitoring occupational and environmental lead exposure. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has established the following blood lead screening guidelines and actions for workplace exposure: over 60 micrograms per deciliter (>60 mcg/dL): removal from workplace; >50 mcg/dL in three consecutive months: removal of individual from workplace; >40 mcg/dL: medical evaluation only: a goal of the ABLES program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is a guideline of <25 mcg/dL. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has established the following blood lead screening guidelines and actions for childhood environmental lead exposure: <9 mcg/dL: acceptable background lead exposure; 10 to 19 mcg/dL: more frequent rescreening and nutritional/educational interventions; 20 to 44 mcg/dL: consider pharmacologic therapy; 45 to 69 mcg/dL: pharmacologic therapy; >70 mcg/dL: medical emergency.
Alan D. Woolf
Lawrence S. Quang
(see also: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Environmental Determinants of Health; Lead; Occupational Safety and Health Administration; Screening )
Shannon, M. W. (1998). "Lead." In Clinical Management of Poisoning and Drug Overdose, 3rd edition, eds. L. M. Haddad, M. W. Shannon, and J. F. Winchester. Philadelphia, PA: W. B. Saunders Co.
More From encyclopedia.com
Lead Poisoning , Lead is an indestructible heavy metal that can accumulate and linger in the body. Although the problem of lead exposure has been reduced in the Unite… Secondary Prevention , SECONDARY PREVENTION Secondary prevention generally consists of the identification and interdiction of diseases that are present in the body, but tha… Lead , Lead Lead is in column IVA of the periodic table . It has four naturally occurring stable isotopes, lead-204, lead-206, lead-207, and lead-208. The l… Blood Donation And Registry , Blood donation, also called blood banking, refers to the process of collecting, testing, preparing, and storing whole blood and blood components inte… Phlebitis , Definition Thrombophlebitis is the inflammation of a vein, with blood clots forming inside the vein at the site of inflammation. Thrombophlebitis is… National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health , NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the primary federal agency…
About this article
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article
You Might Also Like