Skip to main content

Shchusev, Aleksei Viktorovich

Shchusev, Aleksei Viktorovich (1873–1949). Russian architect, trained in St Petersburg and Paris, he established his practice in St Petersburg, specializing in ecclesiastical work (e.g. restoration of St Basil's Cathedral, Ovruch, Kiev (1903–11), and the new Intercession Church of the Martha and Mary Mission, Moscow (1908–12) ). He designed the Russian Pavilion at the International Exposition, Venice (1913–14), and the Kazan' Railway Station, Moscow (1910–40), in both of which he employed vernacular themes and plentiful embellishments derived from C17 Baroque styles. After the Revolution he settled in Moscow, where he had a successful academic career. In 1924–30 he designed his best-known work, the powerful stripped Neo-Classical mausoleum of Lenin, reminiscent of stark Ancient Egyptian architecture, with its unadorned columnar and trabeated architecture set on blocky podia, the whole forming a stepped pyramidal composition.

Shchusev was an important promoter of the official architectural style of the Stalin era, and his architectural style set precedents for many buildings throughout the Soviet Union.

Bibliography

Kopp (1978);
Placzek (ed.) (1982);
Sokolov (1952);
Sorokin (1987);
Jane Turner (1996);
van Vynckt (ed.) (1993)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Shchusev, Aleksei Viktorovich." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Shchusev, Aleksei Viktorovich." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 15, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shchusev-aleksei-viktorovich

"Shchusev, Aleksei Viktorovich." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved October 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shchusev-aleksei-viktorovich

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.