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Senmut or Senenmut (fl. c.1473 BC–c.1458 BC). Ancient Egyptian courtier, associated with the co-Regency of Tutmosis III and Queen Hatshepsut (c.1479–1458c. bc), who either oversaw or was otherwise involved in the creation of the huge Mortuary Temple at Deïr-el-Bahari (c.1479–c.1458 bc), with its great ranges of square columns, massive ramps joining the three main levels, and powerful symmetry. The complex includes columns that are seen by some as proto-Doric, Osiride features and numerous sphinxes. It is one of the finest and most original of all the buildings of the New Kingdom (c.1540–c.1075 bc), and has had a considerable impact on the stripped Classicism of C20, notably some of the works of Speer and the Rational architecture of Grassi and Rossi.


Cruickshank (ed.) (1996);
JARCE, vi (1967), 113–18;
Lloyd & and Müller (1986);
Jane Turner (1996);
Werbrouck (1949)