Skip to main content

Ricardo, Halsey Ralph

Ricardo, Halsey Ralph (1854–1928). English architect of Portuguese-Dutch Jewish descent. He established his practice in 1878, and from 1888 to 1898 was in partnership with William Frend de Morgan (1839–1917), for whom he designed relief tiles, vases, and other artefacts. Ricardo advocated the use of faïence and other glazed materials to resist the depredations of the polluted atmospheres of the C19 city, suggesting that coloured materials would supply the equivalents of shadows and halftones provided by cornices, pilasters, and mouldings. In this, he anticipated the designs of Otto Wagner in Vienna, who used coloured tiles set in the same planes as walls and piers to suggest architectural features. He designed several buildings, of which the best were the Howrah Station, Calcutta, India (1901—with a glowing exterior of brick and coloured tiles), and 8 Addison Road, Kensington (1905–8), completely faced with impervious glazed materials, even the roof-tiles. He was an Arts-and-Crafts architect, whose work was extraordinarily sensitive, imaginative, and original. Among his works his own house, ‘Woodside’, Graffham, near Petworth, Sussex (1905), deserves note.


A. S. Gray (1985);
Jervis (1984);
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004);
Sheppard (ed.) (1973)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Ricardo, Halsey Ralph." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . 22 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Ricardo, Halsey Ralph." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . (April 22, 2019).

"Ricardo, Halsey Ralph." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved April 22, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.