Oppenord, Gilles-Marie

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Oppenord, Gilles-Marie (1672–1742). French architect and decorator of Flemish descent of the Régence period, influenced by the work of Bernini and Borromini, he had a considerable role in the evolution of the Rococo or Louis Quinze style. He designed several altarpieces (e.g. at St-Germain-des-Prés (1704)), but his most influential work included interiors in Bonn, Brühl, and Falkenlust (under de Cotte), Rhineland, and the Palais Royal (1716–20) and Hôtel Crozat (1721–30), Rue de Richelieu, Paris. From 1719 he was engaged on work at the Church of St-Sulpice, Paris, completing the building except for the west portal (which he designed, but which was eventually finished, in greatly modified form, by Servandoni and Chalgrin), and designing the high-altar. Three volumes of engravings (Livre de Fragments d'Architecture, Livre de différents morceaux, and Œuvres) based on his work were published by Gabriel Huquier (1695–1772) in 1737–51, thus making his work widely known. By 1755 devotees of Neo-Classicism (e.g. Charles-Nicolas Cochin (1715–90)) saw him as one of those who had debauched Classical architecture. His work also informed the Rococo Revival of the 1880s.

Bibliography

Jervis (1984);
Lewis & Darley (1986);
Placzek (ed.) (1982);
Sturgis et al. (1901–2);
Jane Turner (1996)