long-and-short work

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long-and-short work. Anglo-Saxon masonry consisting of tall thin verticals and short lengths of horizontal blocks, both of freestone, used as dressings in rubble walls, set alternately one on the other as quoins and lesenes, the shorts set deep into the wall to help bind the wall together. Lesenes were formed by creating a raised vertical strip on the long-and-short work which, with the raised quoins, provided a frame for the rendering that concealed the rubble walls.